India Should Learn Lesson from Chinese Internal Conflict on Galwan

China’s domestic debates shed light on the issues behind the LAC crisis and also teach India a lesson in recognising and taking advantage of its growing strategic value for China.

Two years have passed since the deadly Galvan Valley conflict of June 2020, but some elements of the crisis remain a mystery. Why did China choose to violate existing agreements, disturb peace and stability on the border? Why has the progress in bilateral relations been reversed in the last 45 years? Some say it was China’s reaction to India’s revocation of the special semi-autonomous status of Jammu and Kashmir in 2019. Others see the race for infrastructure weapons on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) as an immediate trigger. Others still believe that fierce power struggles between China and the United States have led to the deterioration of Sino-Indian relations. Against this backdrop, surveys of China’s internal debates and discussions about India in the years before and after the Galvan clashes provide important indications.